KUFRI, Valley Soon Sakesar Excellent article and I praise you for that. In the end of Mughal era, there was more turbulence in society than ever and some how the caste system stopped displaying its dysnamics. Nowhere in Pakistan is there the kind of caste affiliation that exists in India. But the original caste or varna as described in Hinduism has 4 varnas ie Brahmins, Shatriyas, Vaishyas and Shudra. 8/21/99-2SCW-I/982 dated 22.8.2001, The Governor of Punjab is … A humans nature is made up of a combination of these gunas. All that changed when Pakistan was formed and even more so under Zia ul haq. Jatts were farmers they grew the crops that fed the whole village and therefore were part of the high caste, but ranked 3rd after the Brahmins and Kshatris.Because of the large amount of fertile land in Punjab, Jatts account for 2/3 of the population of Sikhs. Punjab accounts for 2.3% of the total population and 4.3% Scheduled Caste population of India. A caste represent any group of people which are known by their profession, ethnicity and Birth. I wuold say there is no care about so called "castes" in Pakistan wherever I go in any part of Pakistan. Sir still there are many discrepancies in this article. The author has to understand the difference between tribes and castes. Khatri is a predominantly Hindu caste of northern India and Pakistan, mostly from the Punjab region, that provided many significant figures in Sikhism, including all of the Sikh Gurus. How much money do you start with in monopoly revolution? This is a big differnece between is and Indians. In the notification No. Sometimes people belonging to these castes are called "Bhapa Sikhs". The prevailing caste system has nothing to do with what is preached by Hinduism. Caste Heaven Vol. One point needs to be clarified here, Shamsher Singh Babra needs some more research on castes in Punjab. Fantastic article...! Anushka And Virat Enjoy Magical Sunset In Pool. Jatts are mostly discussed. It is deplorable but I have been to gurudwaras of lower castes without problems. Aheria Aheri Heri Naik Thori or Turi 12011/68/93-BCC dt 10/09/1993 12011/21/95-BCC dt 15/05/1995 2. The new generation in Pakistani cities have no clue about the caste system. It was a exception and not a rule. & Date 1. People had enough of it and there is growing debate in all walks of Pakistani society. What did women and children do at San Jose? There is another side of the story to the Mukhtar Mai case, according to which, the gang rape of Mukhtar's brother and that of Mai never took place. The author miserably messed things up. The older tribesmen actually were like a huge family and it was a good thing. The Indian caste system carries out inter-caste differentiation based on financial status and standard of living of the members. General Categories List in different state … Same language (ok, mixed in some Arabic and Persian). A tribe have nothing to do with religion. The man who raped her was convicted by the courts and is serving his time. She was raped by 1 man repeatedly over several days and then kicked out to humiliated her. In this article, we present to you in general privileges upper castes in India enjoy and we will go a bit more in detail than in our previous article. Now, all of sudden, Pakistanis became Arabs, we inserted inscrutable Arabic words into our language, outlawed dance, bombed Sufi shrines, ate way more meat than we ever have, grew beards, banished the sari, hid under a hijab, and became the center of all things Islamic and violent. copyrighted © 2021 The Express Tribune. Before I come to the subject of sheer prejudice and violence woven into the, fabric of our languages — Urdu and others, caste divisions, prejudices, discriminations and politics is to affirm our national trend to deny historical and social reality. As a matter of fact, the family of Mukhtar were more connected and well off than the family of the girl that was befriended by Mukhtar's brother. As compared to rest of India, the caste hierarchy in Punjab … 2. The State has the highest proportion of SC population among all the States and Union Territories. @Shoaib: Good point. In the Punjab the Dhedh is not a separate caste, as it is in Bombay and the Central Provinces. CENTRAL LIST OF OBCs FOR THE STATE OF PUNJAB Entry No Caste/ Community Resolution No. Ahluwalia. where as Jat, Rajput, Arain etc are castes. I could feel the pride as if he was my distant uncle. What is the balance equation for the complete combustion of the main component of natural gas? But caste is no more important in "big cities" (Lahore, Islamabad, ...) through the majority of Punjab (Seraiki areas and Potohar plateau) are still heavily concerned, which makes the majority of the Muslim Punjabis still caste-aware. ). Recently we published Top 10 Privileges Brahmin Men Enjoy article in which benefits Brahmin men enjoy were discussed and it was received well by everyone. However, more than religion, I have a very strong feeling about my caste. In India caste refers to something that you are born into and cannot be changed. There seems to be lot of misinformation among Pakistanis about caste system. Khatri and Aroras are essentially identical caste and are primarily a caste of traders, shopkeepers and accountants. I'm surprised to see the comments from Muslim Pakistanis (presumably forward Caste)- and this is 21st century - supporting and justifying caste system. The difference between tribe and caste has also been made. As per notification dated 4/5-12-2002 issued by state of Punjab, Department of Welfare, the “Mochi” caste has been excluded from the list of Backward Classes w.e.f. Punjabi sir. Answer Save. Hina Rabbani Khar is another Pakistan Jat who is so popular in the sub-continent and I feel more emotionally closer to her than even our own Foreign Minister Mr Krishna. Dhami belongs to the Jat caste, a community of Punjabi non-elite farmers. Simple, structured, well researched and straight forward reflection on our recent history that we all seem to be shy of. Thank you Ajmal Sahib for reminding us all ............. that is not to say that sometimes human beings don't break out of the bonds of these divisions and prejudices - they do ............ great souls ............. but they are exceptions and not the rule. For example, the authors point out that a Rajput or Brahmin marrying a woman of lower caste will often loose his status. Kshatriyas were supposed to be guardians and administrators who maintained and protected the societal order. The Bairagi caste. They represent a large amount of the population. . I know Jatt is first, then sani, then thurkan, but i want to know all of the names. One person getting killed does not reflect on society. In the entire history of Pakistan the most historic and correct decisions have been from the dissenting judges not the majority. In order to understand the historical caste divisions in Punjab, I would like to refer to a book called Vichhore da Dagh (The burning wound of separation), by … In absolute numbers, Punjab holds 10 th rank and accounts for 4.2 per cent Salam .peace, @Ali Tanoli: We are all Muslims and Pakistanis. There is nothing wrong if you belong from some tribe but the problem arises when we think someone is superior to others. Jatt, Khatri (Arora), Saini, Ramgarhia, Lubana, Ramdasia, Raw Sikhs etc are few examples. Their traditional occupation is sweeping, a "polluting" occupation that caused them to be considered untouchables in the Hindu caste system. Caste seems to dominate religious and national boundaries. Nais would start calling themselves Jats, Lohars became Khatris. Of these the first-named contains six of the 52 dwaras * (schools) of these Bairagi orders, viz., the Anbhimandi, Dundaram, Agarji, Telaji, Kubhaji, and Ramsaluji. In real sense Julaha, Suniara or Maacchi, can not be categorized as castes. I guess it is the way the societies in the South asia evolved and not by religious practices. They claim to be degraded Kshatriyas, but are more accepted as Shudras. when u have some praise for south Punjab you called it seriaiki and when u want to criticism than u called it Punjab. The lower-caste people lead their life in unspeakable conditions of profound poverty and social disadvantage. 5. In Punjab and Sind, people may belong to clans but no one cares about this when marrying or getting jobs etc. Sooner or later Pakistan will return to same version of liberal Islam. Who is the longest reigning WWE Champion of all time? ), braver, generous and purer than our hindu compatriots and somehow contain more "Arab-esque" than "Indian" heritage.. It happened the other way round too. Sainis are a Rajput descent agricultural and landowning caste of Punjab . I dont think man last year in East punjab city of jalendhar one sikh precher got murdered the reason behind was he is not jatt and also sikh dont want low caste hindus to converts to sikhism they well come only from certain families in punjabi hindus to become Digital Punjab Punjabi Technical Channel Punjab No.1 Technical Channel Please Share The Video And Subscribe Our Channel For More Information And Technology Updates Thank. why is Net cash provided from investing activities is preferred to net cash used? The caste system operates so strongly in some rural parts of Punjab that people have established caste-specific gurudwaras, cremation grounds, wells, places of congregation. Sometimes people belonging to these castes … Means a slave is always a slave and if he/she tries to get out and demand equality and rights then they term the person "namak haram". Sir you are utterly wrong. I believe in one humanity and that is what ggs has taught me. In a caste system birth determines the status of some one. However, when very low caste sikhs migrated to countries such as the US, Canada and the UK, they thought of it as a chance to start a clean slate where people would not be able to identify their caste. Sometimes people belonging to these castes are called "Bhapa Sikhs". The decennial growth rate of SC population in the State was 26.06% as compared to 13.89 % for the State as a whole. Beta Hensi or Hesi Both Sikhs and Muslims in Punjab belong from different tribes and they existed even before the Sikhism ever came in this region as Sikhism is only 300 Years old while all tribes live here for more than a thousand years. However, Saansi, Gigray, Jogi, Rawal, Deendar, Malah, Bhirwaly, Faqeer, Bhandha and Pakhiwas are also living here. Copyright © 2021 Multiply Media, LLC. We are like an extended family and i really like this tribe system as we could work collectively as a huge family. In PUNJAB the hierarchy among the castes is as below:At the top place reside the Kshatriyas/Khatris of Punjab. Trust me, I am not against other castes in any way. One can become a brahmin from a shudra caste by change in their gunas which are again divided into 3 ie Rajas, Tamas and Sattva. however in select cases, a person of lower caste marrying in to higher caste will attain the same status in as many as 5 to 7 generations. Here I will take it as punjabi brahmins who are mainly saraswat brahmins. Sir a correction for you that you stated that Mastoi is a higher caste while Gujjar is a lower caste. @Shehzad Ali Zaidi.. To me Arabisation of Pakistan is something like Buddhimisation of India during Ashoka the great. Religion Sikhism is most prominent with 57% practicing this relgion and then is Hinduism … Just other day I came to know that Faiz Ahmed Faiz was a Jat. General caste list in Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, Uttarakhand, west Bengal, Orissa, tamilnadu, Punjab other state of India. Gujjar is a famous Punjabi tribe and Mastoi are a Baloch tribe and they cannot be compared in any means . The major castes before partition were Bhatti, Kharal and Tarar. @Rajendra Kalkhande: Barra 12011/68/93-BCC dt 10/09/1993 3. Same tribal groupings, that is caste. nature and working of its caste system and emergence of dalit consciousness. So please differentiate in them. Many Rajputs mingled into Jats; some Bahmans got involved in business and became Khatris. @Asjad: Thanks for showing us the mirror and tell the truth. This is why many Rajputs have assumed a Jat idenitiy. Allah u Akber. a sikh and read history or go to u tube to see speeches Rab Di quam, rab dey bandey. Achieved status can not change an individual place in caste system. I insist caste system is alien to guru granth Sahib, our holy book. According to author Tribes and Caste are like one thing and in fact they are not. In most of Punjab, and especially in Central Punjab, Jat is a far more powerful caste than Rajput. You have a very disarming way of writing that shows the mirror to the 'ghairatmand' and 'pure' of this nation without sounding condescending or overbearing. Khatri family names include Anand, Awal, Bachewal, Badhwar, Baijal, Bagga, Bajaj, Bakshi, Batta, Bedi, Behal (Behl), Bhalla, Bhola, Bhasin, Bhandari, Bhandula, Bindra, Birghi, Chadha, Chandok, Charan, Chona, Chopra, Choudhary,Chetal, Dhall, Dhawan, Dhir, Dua, Duggal, Dhupar, Dumra, Gambhir, Gandhi, Gandhoke, Gadok, Gadhiok, Ghai, Gujral, Gulati, Gulla, Handa, Jerath, Jairath, Jaggi, Jalota, Jolly, Kakkar (Kacker) ,Kapoor (Kapur), Katyal, Keer, Khanna, Kehar, Khosla, Khullar, Kohli, Koshal, La… Forgot my favourite Jatt, Waqar Younis =P. Why don't libraries smell like bookstores? Mukhtar Mai was a victim of vani. Populated regions include the Punjab region of India and Pakistan, as well as Uttar Pradesh in India, among other parts of the Indian subcontinent such as southern India. for ajmal sarkar, one thing is most important and that is who promoted that caste system, who made it part of modern state craft, it were gazetteers and Britishers who made it part and parcel. Just like the profession based caste system that was prevalent in ancient India and is still prevalent today had the following hierarchy. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten, They are confused the currently prevailing caste system which are similar to the tribes the author has described. When did sir Edmund barton get the title sir and how? Punjab has its own social system based on the Zamindar and Kammi. redistributed or derived from. @Prabhjyot Singh Madan: A note of consequence and I fully endorse the views of Bhai Prabhjyot Being a Hindu Jat, I tend to feel closer to Muslim and Sikh Jats and look at their achievements as mine. @ author! The Zamindars all come from formerly Hindu tribes like the Jat and the Ghakkar, rather than Syeds and Qureshis, like in North India. Caste system is more like a religious thing and nothing to do with Tribes of older times and Caste is associated with Hinduism where they were divided into Brahman ( The Upper Most) , Khastri ( Warrior Class), Waish( Farmers) and Shooders ( The lowest). Many said that it was the first time in India anyone wrote about the Brahmin privileges. Muslim Mochi also excluded from BC list of Punjab Government. It is true that every Indian Muhajir who has moved to Pakistan likes to say he is a "Syed" but I know that most people in Punjab just ignore such talk since they know it to be false. The Asharf and Ansar system of North Indian Muslims also has no existence here. The Saini Sikhs are found in the sub-mountainous region of Punjab. Punjabi caste surnames Punjabi caste surnames Aheer. Even the Sufi religion most popular in the subcontinent is basically identical to the Bhakti tradition that stated in India 2000 years ago in Tamil nadu in the deep south. 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