Animal welfare is a word that many people know of, but don’t really understand or grasp the definition. It publishes the results of peer-reviewed scientific research, technical studies and reviews relating to the welfare of kept animals (eg on farms, in laboratories, zoos and as companions) and of those in the wild whose welfare is compromised by human activities. However, it should also be clearly established before the study starts and within the protocol, who has the ultimate authority if a consensus cannot be reached. Promoting animal welfare is the key to the sustainability and economic viability of the production of meat with high spiritual and conventional qualities. The major participants–authors, reviewers, and editors–in producing scientific papers published in professional journals each play a prescribed role in the final step of scientific research. In this context, positive animal welfare may be substituted with the term ‘well-being.’ Animal welfare serves as a cornerstone, or foundation, for laboratory animal medicine and the use of animals in research. Rollin BE (2006) The regulation of animal research and the emergence of animal ethics: a conceptual history. The protocol should include criteria for initiating euthanasia such as the degree of physical or behavioral deficit or tumor size that will enable a prompt decision to be made by the veterinarian and the investigator to ensure that the end point is humane and the objective of the protocol is achieved. Animal welfare as a science, measuring the animal’s perception of their state of well-being and going beyond just physiologic measurement of health and production, will be discussed, with particular focus on the use of behavioral monitoring to measure welfare. L.A. Boyle, K. O’Driscoll, in Food Chain Integrity, 2011. Different welfare indicators detect specific challenges to animal welfare, rather than measuring the overall welfare. Animal Welfare is a quarterly, peer-reviewed scientific journal covering studies on the welfare of animals, whether in captivity (e.g. Careful handling of animals before they arrive at the plant and a reduction of electric prod use will help reduce bruises and greatly improve animal welfare. (1) Scientific agnosticism about nonhuman animal mentation is unjustified. Religious slaughter improved meat quality, but could compromise animal welfare. Terrestrial Animal Health Code of World Organisation for Animal Health defines animal welfare as "how an animal is coping with the conditions in which it lives. Challenges to animal welfare differ between species and production systems. The Permanent Animal Welfare Working Group was inaugurated at the 70th World Assembly of Delegates in May 2002. The next standards to be developed are on dairy cows and later hens and pig production systems, working animals as well as disaster management and risk reduction in relation to animal health and welfare and veterinary public health. The paper provides a brief overview of the … Although these effects cannot be predicted, an appropriate course of action with a clear outline of responsibilities can be established before the start of the study so that all parties understand their roles when an unanticipated effect occurs. If animals are euthanized prior to this, the study may have to be repeated which poses a dilemma between keeping sick animals on the current study until the designated timepoint is reached versus using additional animals and repeating the study. Today, scientists developing coronavirus vaccines first tested on animals before moving to human subjects.. §§ 2131–2159. By continuing you agree to the use of cookies. Depending on the laboratory, IACUC and AV, the amount of written scientific justification for withholding analgesics can vary greatly and this should be taken into consideration. Animal welfare encompasses "the physical and mental state of an animal in relation to the conditions in which it lives and dies" (OIE, 2018). The term ‘animal welfare,’ in both the lay and scientific community, is often used to refer to a concept. This can be challenging for some studies, such as toxicology studies, since the potential induction of serious adverse effects may be a scientific requirement of the study. This implies that the Study Director needs to make all decisions regarding the conduct of the study. Threats to animal welfare, including stress-induced immunosuppression and promotion of foodborne pathogens, and genetic modifications have the potential to compromise the healthiness and safety of food. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780081012154000079, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780124095274000390, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780123978295000041, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780123744074003848, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9781855739550500121, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780123847317000192, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780081005965009793, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780857090683500111, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780081018927000195, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780123851031000038, Feline Behavioral Health and Welfare, 2016, Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee, Marilyn J. 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